About Your Trees!

General Tree Facts

  • Trees and forests are the “lungs of the earth” and play an important role in maintaining healthy ecosystems while contributing to the bio-diversity of our planet
  • Trees provide the necessary oxygen (O2) we all need to survive and lead healthy lives
    • One tree can provide more than 200 pounds of oxygen each year, equal to the approximate amount an average person consumes in a year
  • Trees are a valuable source of carbon sequestration
    • During the photosynthesis process, trees remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air
    • Trees can play an invaluable role in helping to offset the impacts of climate change and global warming
    • A single tree can store in excess of 13 pounds of carbon each year, one acre of trees can remove up to 2.6 tons of CO2 annually
  • Trees remove harmful pollutants from the environment
    • A mature tree can remove up to 10 lbs. of pollutants per year including ozone (O3) – a primary contributor of smog, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur dioxides (SO2) – components of acid rain, as well as other environmental irritants including dust, soot and smoke
  • Trees help ensure a clean, healthy supply of fresh water by filtering rainwater and reducing the risk of flooding
    • Trees also help to reduce the erosion of soil caused by wind and rain
  • Trees provide fundamental sources of food and shelter for wildlife and birds as well as other types of plants and vegetation

White Pine  (Pinus Strobus)

White Pine

White Pine

“Ontario’s tree”.
Large and majestic, a preferred subject of the Group of Seven.
Average height from 70 to 120 ft high.
Trees were historically used by the British Navy for masts for sailing ships due to  their height and straightness.

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White Spruce (Picea Glauca)

White Spruce

White Spruce

Beautiful foliage, provides valuable source of food and shelter for variety of birds and wildlife.
Grows up to 110 ft high.
Spruce “gum” was historically used by aboriginal people for use in making canoes waterproof.
Early pioneers brewed spruce needles to make a life-saving drink to fight and prevent scurvy during the long Canadian winters when fresh fruit and vegetables were unavailable.

 

 

 

 

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Tamarack (Larix Docidua)

Tamarack

Tamarack

Important “shelter tree” with light shade allowing for undergrowth of shrubs and other plants.
Grows up to 75 feet high.
Grows well in wet conditions.
Long life, trees typically live in excess of 180-200 years.

 

 

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White Cedar (Thuja Occidentalis)

White Cedar

White Cedar

Particularly valuable tree for wildlife habitat, source of food and shelter for white-tailed deer, snowshoe hare, porcupine and red squirrel.
Grows up to 75 feet high.
Grows in wide variety of soil conditions including wet and marginal conditions.
Used by early settlers for fence rails and posts due to rot-resistant qualities.

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